AKC Standards for Poodles
Poodle Breed Standard
Non-Sporting Group & Toy Group
General Appearance, Carriage, & Condition
Size, Proportion, & Substance
If you see a Miniature Poodle for sale and want to buy her, it may be suited for apartment living. Just make sure there is enough room for them to get exercise indoors as well as outside.
Miniatures are members of the American Kennel Club non-sporting breeds class. They often star in obedience training over the other two sizes, although all sizes learn quickly and never forget!
A Mini Poodle needs more exercise than a Toy, and they like playing their favorite games with you. They’re good for taking on shorter walks. Like most dogs, she’ll appreciate doing rather than just sitting.
A Poodle who isn’t getting as much activity as he wants will find ways to amuse himself, maybe in ways not amusing to you!
Toys are the smallest of the Poodle sizes. You can pick them up and take them with you. At the shoulder-high point, they are 10” and under.
We’ve seen them in tote bags carried by their owners. Toys have big personalities and think they are Standards. They weigh about 6 to 12 lbs.
Holly acted much bigger than she was, although we don’t think she realized she wasn’t a big dog. Toys are very spirited, not high-strung, just happy, and love to play, be active, and make you happy! Toys should not be spoiled. Even though they are little, spoiling them can sometimes make them think they are the top dog in the family.
There’s a possibility of turning a cute puppy into an aggressive dog. Train your Toy puppy as soon as you bring them home, and you’ll have a happy, gentle, and loving family member.
Should you get a Toy if you have small kids in the family? It can work, but you may want to look at a Miniature or Standard if the kids are very young.
The Toy may not hold up well to rough play. He may also feel like he is a top dog over the young kids and not relate as well to them as he will to the adults in the family as he will see them as pack leaders.
Toys need to be exercised. If you want to buy Toy Poodle puppies, playing with them in the yard or house daily is fine, but walking them daily is also good, as exercise benefits their health and helps keep them trim.
If you live in an apartment or condo, take them outside for walks daily. Toys are in the Toy group of the American Kennel Club.
Toys are more suited for single adults, families with grown children, and retired couples.
Retirees will find a Poodle that gives them structure again, as they like daily routines. And it gets you out walking with your dog, so both of you get healthy exercise.
Teacup Poodles are tiny Toys and the result of breeding smaller Toys. Teacups may suffer more health problems than the Toy and may have a shortened lifespan due to inherited illnesses.
As long as the Toy Poodle is definitely a Toy Poodle, and the Miniature Poodle is a Miniature Poodle, both in balance and proportion for the variety, diminutiveness shall be the deciding factor when all other points are equal.
Moyen or Klein Pudel
You see an ad for Standard Poodles for sale, and like that they are a bigger dog. Standards are the largest of the Poodle sizes and are 15” or over at the highest shoulder point.
They can be up to 25” in height. They weigh 40 to 55 lbs. (females will be at the lower end.). As they are large dogs, they will need to have a larger yard to run around in and will need to be walked on a daily basis.
They are not suited as much for apartment living as Toys are, but each person will need to make that decision.
Keep in mind they need daily exercise, and if your apartment gives them room to exercise and walk around PLUS daily walking, a Standard may be the right size.
These big, active dogs are said to be the most adaptable-sized Poodle. Standards are also members of the AKC non-sporting breeds group. Standards seem, at times, to be actually smiling in pictures.
They’re very personable with a pleasing, happy disposition. Some Standard pups, between smiles, get serious, studious looks on their faces. They’re just taking in their surroundings, studying, and learning.
Whatever Poodle sizes are right for you, you will have a faithful, fun, and extremely intelligent companion that will love you for a long time.
All Poodle Sizes
Head & Expression
(b) Ears – The ears hang close to the head, set at or slightly below eye level. The ear leather is long, wide, and thickly feathered. However, the ear fringe should not be of excessive length.
(c) Skull – The skull is moderately rounded with a slight but definite stop. The cheekbones and muscles are flat. The length from the occiput stops at about the same as the length of the muzzle.
(d) Muzzle – The muzzle is long, straight, and fine, with slight chiseling under the eyes. It is strong without lippiness. The chin is definite enough to preclude snippiness. Major fault: lack of chin.
(e) Teeth – The teeth are white, strong, and with a scissors bite. Major fault: undershot, overshot, wry mouth.
Neck, Topline, & Body
(a) Forelegs – The forelegs are straight and parallel when viewed from the front. When viewed from the side, the elbow is directly below the highest point of the shoulder. The pasterns are strong. Dewclaws may be removed.
(b) Feet – The feet are rather small and oval in shape, with toes well arched and cushioned on thick, firm pads. The nails are short but not excessively shortened. The feet turn neither in nor out. Major fault: paper or splay foot.
(a) The hind legs are straight and parallel when viewed from the rear. They are muscular with width in the region of the stifles, which are well bent. The femur and tibia are about equal in length. The hock to heel is short and perpendicular to the ground. When standing, the rear toes are only slightly behind the point of the rump. Major fault: cow-hocks.
(b) Clip – A Poodle under 12 months may be shown in the “Puppy” clip. In all regular classes, Poodles 12 months or older must be shown in the “English Saddle” or “Continental” clip. In the stud dog and brood bitch classes and in a non-competitive parade of champions, Poodles may be shown in the “Sporting” clip. A Poodle shown in any other type of clip shall be disqualified.
(1) “Puppy” – A Poodle under a year old may be shown in the “Puppy” clip with the long coat. The face, throat, feet, and base of the tail are shaved. The entire shaven foot is visible. There is a pompom on the end of the tail. In order to give a neat and smooth line, shaping of the coat is permissible.
(2) “English Saddle” – In the “English Saddle” clip, the face, throat, feet, forelegs, and base of the tail are shaved, leaving puffs on the forelegs and a pompom on the end of the tail. The hindquarters are covered with a short blanket of hair except for a curved shaved area on each flank and two shaved bands on each hindleg. The entire shaven foot and a portion of the shaven leg above the puff are visible. The rest of the body is left in full coat but may be shaped in order to ensure overall balance.
(3) “Continental” – In the “Continental” clip, the face, throat, feet, and base of the tail are shaved. The hindquarters are shaved with pompoms (optional) on the hips. The legs are shaved, leaving bracelets on the hindlegs and puffs on the forelegs.
There is a pompom on the end of the tail. The entire shaven foot and a portion of the shaven foreleg above the puff are visible. The rest of the body is left in full coat but may be shaped in order to ensure overall balance.
(4) “Sporting” – In the “Sporting” clip, a Poodle shall be shown with its face, feet, throat, and base of tail shaved, leaving a scissored cap on the top of the head and a pompom on the end of the tail. The rest of the body and legs are clipped or scissored to follow the outline of the dog, leaving a short blanket of coat no longer than one inch in length. The hair on the legs may be slightly longer than that on the body.
In all clips, the hair of the topknot may be left free or held in place by elastic bands. The hair is only of sufficient length to present a smooth outline. “Topknot” refers only to hair on the skull, from stop to occiput. This is the only area where elastic bands may be used.
Parti-colored dogs shall be disqualified. The coat of a parti-colored dog is not an even solid color at the skin but is of two or more colors.